Telescope Goldfish
  Origin - China Difficulty - Intermediate
  Availability - Common (Some Rare) Adult Size - 6 to 8 inches
  Price - Cheap Scales - Any

 

YOUTUBE Video:

  Black Moor - A Globe Eyed Black Moor.

  3 Globe Eyed Telescopes - The white one is a Flat Eye.

  Panda Moor - A show winning Panda.

  Demekin - Black and Orange Flat Eye Telescope, called "Demekin" in Japan.

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History and Origin of Telescope Goldfish

A calico Telescope with Globe Eyes

Probably the most heavily hybridized goldfish after the Fantail, Telescopes are referred to as "Demekin" in Japan (the term actually covers all goldfish with portruding eyes, including Celestials) and sometimes also referred to as "Dragon Eyes" in the Orient. In America, all Telescopes tend to be referred to as "Moors", though technically that label only applies to Black telescopes.



Special Care for Telescope Goldfish

Two Mottled Tri-Color Flat Eye Telescopes

They are reasonably hardy when it comes to temperature range. They can survive in a pond environment, but they cant see very well, so need to be protected from predators like cats and birds to avoid becoming an easy meal. Their poor eyesight means they are very clumsy when it comes to detecting and avoiding danger. Telescope goldfish first appeared during the late 1500s and early 1600s.

If kept with other Goldfish make sure that they can get their share of food. They need an environment similar to what Bubble-Eyes require in that they can damage their eyes by bumping into stuff, so no sharp objects should be in their tank. The sacs of Bubble Eyes can grow back, but once a telescope's eye is punctured, its gone. So it is even more important that their environment not contain objects that could damage their eyes.



Ideal Characteristics for Telescope Goldfish

Though they have been hybridized with many other breeds, the ideal body type for a Telescope is similar to a Fantail. The body depth should be 2/3 the length of the body or more. The head is usually fairly broad to accomodate the enlarged eye sockets. Some newer Telescopes have been bred with high backs that look similar to a Ryukin.

There is really no single standard when it comes to fin types for Telescopes. They can have almost any fin type seen on any other breed of goldfish. Veiltail, Butterfly-tail and Ribbontail varieties are also available. All Telescopes have dorsal fins, and all fins except the dorsal should be paired. Standards should confom to whatever fin type the fish has. Color that saturates the fins is desirable, and the outside of the eye sockets should have opaque pigment as well.

The most common fin type is similar to a Fringetail. The Caudal fin is divided and forked with a long trailing edge, and should be 3/4 the body length or more. All other fins should have a pointed appearance. All telescopes (except the dragonback variant below) should have dorsal fins. Dorsal fin should be stiff, tall, and erect, much like a Ryukin.

The main feature of this breed is it's enlarged eye sockets, which should project directly outward from it's skull. There are three types of eyes that are acceptable on this breed;

The three acceptable eye profiles for Telescope goldfish

Dome Eyes are eyes that end in hemispheres (eyeballs that project halfway out of the skull). The cornea is rounded and the eyes are basically hemi-spherical.

Flat Eyes are eyes that end in a flat surface (like cylinders projecting from the head). These look like Dome eyes that have been chopped off at the ends.

Globe Eyes (also called "round eyes") are spheres that sit completely outside the skull. If the ends are flat, they may still be referred to as "flat eyes". But most Globe eyes have rounded ends.

Regardless of eye type, the requirements are the same. Eyes should be clear (no white in the pupils), uniform size, and project away from the skull; they should not be pointing down or forward or up. Normal telescopes have no wen or nasal bouquets, but some sport varieties and variants do (see below).

Telescopes come in all colors and scale types. The most common seem to be Mottled varieties and the Black Moor variant (see below). Chocolate is a new color, and Calico is relatively common as well.

Known Variants of Telescope Goldfish

A pair of Panda Moors

Black Moors are such a common variant, most people associate them with being the default style for telescopes. They look identical to standard telescopes save for their deep black color. They come in all three eye types. Quality Black Moors will have no silver at all, and a black color so deep as to appear like velvet. Ideally the scales should be matte, though metallic is acceptable too. Though other telescopes are often referred to as Moors, the term is only properly applied to Black Moors.

Pandas (sometimes called "Panda Moors") look like Black and white versions of Black Moors. The ideal coloration is panda-like coloring (black eyes and black back and fins, and white everywhere else), but the term is often applied to any black and white Telescope goldfish. Panda moors should have a black that is deep, and a white that is actually white (not silver or transparent), with no fading between the two colors. Pandas can have metallic scales, but most seem to be matte.

Be warned, some goldfish do go through color changes, and have phases where they may look like Pandas, but only temporarily. Some unscupulous pet store owners will try to pass these fish off as Panda Moors (and charge more for them, naturally), but they are not the real thing, and the colors will fade. True Pandas are goldfish that maintain Panda coloration and patterns permanently.

Another good example of a Flat Eye Telescope

Because of these horror stories, a lot of people claim that Panda Moors dont really exist...that all Pandas are just Telescopes going through a color change. But they do exist. Just make sure to get them from a reputable breeder, not a pet store. All goldfish colors fade with age, but real Panda Moors will maintain their colors well into adulthood. Real Pandas (like their namesake) are fairly rare and highly desired.

There are variants of Pandas which have a color in place of white (orange and black is common), and while they are striking and attractive, they are not true Pandas. They are simply telescopes with mottled coloration.

Dragonheads are Telescopes that have half hoods (wen covering the top of their heads). They are sometimes considered to be an Oranda Variant instead of a Telescope Variant. These are fairly popular in China. Telescopes with full hoods are referred to as Dragonheads as well. The term is sometimes confused with Dragoneyes...but Dragoneyes are usually just what standard telescopes are called in the East.

Dragonbacks are basically dorsal-less telescopes (sometimes with wen, but not always). We dont see them much in the US, because Celestials steal their thunder, but they are still bred in China.

Pom Pom Moors; One of the newest variants is a telescope with a deep brown color (Chocolate) and red or orange nasal bouquets (pom poms). These are hard to come by in the states though. They dont really have a name yet. The pom pom telescopes are not recognized as a distinct breed, and are considered sport fish by most people.



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