Pom Pom Goldfish
  Origin - China Difficulty - Intermediate
  Availability - UnCommon Adult Size - 6 to 8 inches
  Price - Moderate Scales - Metallic or Nacreous



  Show Quality - Example of s how winning Pom Pom.

  Pom Pom Telescope - An example of one of the many sport fish crossed with Pom Poms.

  Chocolate Hana Fusal - Example of the Japanese variant.


History and Origin of the Pom Pom

An example of a classic Chinese Pom Pom

These are referred to by many names ("Pom pon", "Velvet Ball", and "Pon Pon"), but the most common is simply "pom pom", because the balls on their nose look like a cheerleader's pom poms. This fish is often classified as a dorsal variety, but the Chinese standard matches that of the original specimens bred in the late 1800s, which were dorsalless. The dorsalled variety are a Japanese variant called "Hanafusa".

The Pom Pom balls on their nose are actually exaggerated nasal septa...the outer edges of the nose. They have become so exaggerated that the flaps of skin have formed into tight balls. These are referred to as Nasal Bouquets, and they are the unique and defining characteristic of this breed.

Special Care for the Pom Pom

The nasal bouquets are not as delecate as they appear

Since the nasal bouquets rarely interfere with the fish's vision, they can compete reasonably well for food (as well as a Lionhead anyway). They do better in a heated tank, but can probably tolerate cold water as well as other fancy varieties of goldfish.

The Nasal Bouquets are not as delicate as they look, but could still be damaged by other fish that may nip at them. So Pom Poms should not be kept with aggressive breeds like Ryukins or any other fish that exhibit nipping behavior. If damaged, the bouquets will eventually grow back, though they may lose their shape.

Ideal Characteristics for the Pom Pom

Most Pom Poms conform to the standards for the Lionhead body and fin type. An egg shaped body (with a depth at least 1/2 the length of the body...their bodies are longer than those of a Lionhead) with no dorsal fin. The back should be a smooth arch from head to tail, with no bumps or spikes. Their wen development is much less than that of the Lionhead (or even the Ranchu), but they should have a full hood with some minimal growth.

The Nasal Bouquets should be uniform size and full, exhibiting a tight spherical appearance. Rounder is better and larger is better. Color should be dense and body and nasal bouquet color should match in self-colored specimens. Mottled and Calico varieties should match the coloration mix of the body of the fish.

All fins should be paired, and the Caudal fin should be fully divided and forked. All fins should have a rounded appearance. There should be no dorsal fin in fish matching the Chinese standard. As with other Goldfish breeds, color saturation of the fins is desired. Pom Poms come in virtually all colors available to other breeds.

Known Variants of the Pom Pom

This Celestial cross is an example of one of the many Pom Pom sport varieties

Hana Fusa are a variety available in Japan. This Japanese version has finnage similar to a Fantail, and has a dorsal fin present. Otherwise they conform to the same standards as the Chinese Pom Pom.

They have been heavily crossbred into countless sport varieties. There are Telescopes, Orandas, Dragonheads, Lionheads and many others that have Pom Pom nasal bouquets. These are all generally considered sport varieties, and not separate breeds or Pom Pom variants in and of themselves.


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